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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12001/24886

 
Title :Public recognition of and attitudes toward suicidality : a study of various factors affecting gatekeeper capability
Authors :Kuba, Teizo
Nakamoto, Yuzuru
Koda, Munenaga
Fukuhara, Hiroshi
Michishita, Satoshi
Yakushi, Takashi
Tanaka, Osamu
Kondo, Tsuyoshi
Authors affiliation :Ittounokai Medical Foundation, Okinawa-chuo Hospital
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Medicine
Phoenix Medical Foundation, Hakuai Hospital
Youwakai Medical Foundation, Nanzan Hospital Okinawa
Ginowan Mental Clinic, Okinawa
Uruma Kokorono Clinic, Okinawa
Aomori Prefecture Mental Health and Welfare Center, Hirosaki
Issue Date :2020
Publisher :琉球医学会
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
Type (NII) :Journal Article
ISSN :1346-888X
Abstract :Aim: In the present study, we aimed to investigate the practical usefulness of a single gatekeeper-training lecture for suicide prevention and examine the potential factors that modulate gatekeeper capability for suicide prevention in the general population. Methods: A 12-item questionnaire, comprising questions about recognition/attitudes regarding suicidality, was administered to 493 members of the general population before and after they attended a gatekeeper-training lecture. Each item was assessed using a 4-point scale (1=very negative, and 4=very positive). For subgrouping of the 12 items, the baseline scores were analyzed using an exploratory factor analysis. With regard to the subscale scores, gender effects were examined by Studentʼs t-test, while the effects of generation and employment/occupation status were tested using ANOVA followed by the Tukey test. Finally, multiple regression analysis was performed to test for the possible determinants of post-lecture recognition, attitude, and approaching skills as gatekeepers for suicide prevention. Results: An exploratory factor analysis of the baseline scores of the 12 items was performed using the following three distinct subscales: the expressed attitudes, cognitive understanding, and approaching skills. Scores of the 12 items improved significantly after the lecture. The older participants (aged≧60 years) had lower post-lecture scores in all the subscales than the younger participants. Moreover, at both baseline and post-lecture, medical care professionals scored higher than the unemployed participants and/or employed non-medical workers in all the subscales, while the employed non-medical workers scored higher than the unemployed participants in the expressed attitudes subscale. Multiple regression analyses revealed that the score for each subscale post-lecture was strongly dependent on its baseline score, and the baseline score of expressed attitudes predicted the post-lecture scores of the other two subscales. Conclusion: The present study suggests that active workers aged<60 years with positive expressed attitudes for suicide prevention gain more educational effects from the gatekeeper-training lecture than the older group (aged≧60 years).
Rights :琉球医学会
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12001/24886
Citation :琉球医学会誌 = Ryukyu Medical Journal Vol.39 no.1-4 p.1 -14
Appears in Collections:Ryukyu Medical Journal

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