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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12001/24770

 
Title :Relationship between social capital and disaster preparedness in parents raising infants
Authors :Toyama, Yuko
Hokama, Chikako
Kyan, Naomi
Authors affiliation :Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Health Sciences
Naha City Public Health Center
Issue Date :2019
Publisher :琉球医学会
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
Type (NII) :Journal Article
ISSN :1346-888X
Abstract :In disaster situations, infants must rely on their parents to evacuate appropriately, and the status of disaster preparedness of parents greatly affects outcomes. Although social capital is effective in promoting disaster preparedness, no reports have investigated the association between social capital and disaster preparedness for evacuations in parents raising infants. Therefore, we investigated the association between social capital and disaster preparedness among parents raising infants to contribute to policies for reducing the risk to infants during future disasters. We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire study of 1,166 parents raising 3-year-old infants in southern Okinawa Prefecture from May to August 2015. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on parents’ basic sociodemographic attributes, disaster preparedness and social cohesion. Disaster preparedness was assessed with the following four items: discussion amongst the local residents regarding disaster evacuation, having a disaster prevention map of the area, previous participation in disaster evacuation drills, and having an emergency kit. Social capital was assessed using the Japanese version of the Social Cohesion Scale and interactions with other parents. The χ2 test and binomial logistic regression analysis were conducted to analyze the association between the four disaster preparedness items and the other items. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Valid responses were collected from 810 parents (70 men (8.6%) and 740 women (91.4%)). Social cohesion was high in 421 parents (52.0%) and low in 389 parents (48.0%). Participation in disaster evacuation drills showed the lowest level of disaster preparedness with only 5.4% of parents partaking in such drills. Regression analysis showed that discussion regarding disaster evacuation was significantly different for satisfaction with income, social cohesion, and interactions with other parents. The status of possession of disaster prevention map was significantly varied depending on age, age of first child, education, and interactions with other parents. The status of participation in evacuation drills was significantly varied depending on sex, satisfaction with income, and interactions with other parents. Having an emergency kit was significantly different for satisfaction with income, education, occupational status, and interactions with other parents. From these result, the status of disaster preparedness for evacuation in parents raising infants was associated with social capital. The results suggest that disaster prevention education using the standards and networks of others who are engaged in child rearing is useful in strengthening the disaster preparedness of parents raising infants.
Rights :琉球医学会
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12001/24770
Citation :琉球医学会誌 = Ryukyu Medical Journal Vol.38 no.1-4 p.47 -60
Appears in Collections:Ryukyu Medical Journal

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