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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12001/24767

Title :Perception of research difficulties affects staff nurses’ motivation towards research participation : the impact of understanding research value and collegial support
Authors :Endoh, Yumiko
Toyosato, Takehiko
Yokota, Takao
Maeshiro, Chikako
Takahara, Misuzu
Henna, Yumiko
Tamashiro, Yoko
Kuniyoshi, Midori
Koja, Yasuko
Authors affiliation :School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine,University of the Ryukyus
Issue Date :2019
Publisher :琉球医学会
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
Type (NII) :Journal Article
ISSN :1346-888X
Abstract :Attitudes towards nursing research, such as researcher motivation or interest, are important in implementing effective studies. However, difficulties relating to research are not obvious; for example, these include characteristics of Japanese clinical nursing research and research motivation. The aim of this study was to clarify the structure of research difficulties, and to identify the impact of research difficulties encountered by staff nurses on their motivation; to reduce the difficulties staff nurses encounter during research; and to establish ambitious research support programs. A staff nurse constitutes a nurse who is on the staff of a hospital without holding a managerial position. We distributed an anonymous self-administered questionnaire to 576 nurses who were employed in a general hospital and analyzed the responses of 308 staff nurses. Exploratory factor analysis was used to investigate the difficulties associated with research. We also performed logistic regression analysis using research difficulties as explanatory variables and the presence or absence of research motivation as the objective variable. Overall, 45.5% of participants expressed research motivation. In exploratory factor analysis of research difficulties, the following five factors were extracted: 1) “exploring research topics and logical thinking,” 2) “lack of a research environment,” 3) “perception of uncertainty regarding the value of research and lack of support from colleagues,” 4) “lack of human resources in nursing research,” and 5) “time constraints.” Logistic regression analysis revealed the impact of factors related to difficulties associated with nursing research on research motivation. The following research difficulties were significantly associated with research motivation: “exploring research topics and logical thinking,” “perception of uncertainty regarding the value of research and lack of support from colleagues,” and “time constraints.” In particular, the negative influence of “perception of uncertainty regarding the value of research and lack of support from colleagues” factors were significant. For maintaining and increasing research motivation in staff nurses, we suggest the following support: 1) for a research mentor and colleagues to provide emotional support and for organizational managers to build a supportive culture for nursing research, 2) a research mentor who could provide intensive technical and emotional support within the hospital should be included during the stage of research value clarification and an organized research enforcement system needs to be examined, 3) nursing leaders or organizational managers should secure time for their staff to implement research, 4) research programs that collaborate with other researchers and clinical settings should be established to improve research capacity among staff nurses and research mentors.
Rights :琉球医学会
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12001/24767
Citation :琉球医学会誌 = Ryukyu Medical Journal Vol.38 no.1-4 p.13 -24
Appears in Collections:Ryukyu Medical Journal

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