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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12001/2284

 
Title :[原著]琉球大学学生の体格の変遷
Title alternative :Change of Physique in Okinawan Students of University of the Ryukyus
Authors :国吉, 緑
普天間, 弘
Authors alternative :Kuniyoshi, Midori
Futenma, Hiromu
Authors affiliation :琉球大学医学部成人保健学第一教室
Issue Date :1991
Publisher :琉球大学医学部
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
Type (NII) :Journal Article
ISSN :0289-1530
Abstract :The aim of this study was to find out changes in the physique of Okinawan students (born in Okinawa) of University of the Ryukyus (UR) from 1950 to 1985.For every 5 years, the physique of Okinawan students (2,304 males and 1,269 females) compared with those of UR students who came from other prefecturs, all youths of the same age as students in Japan. The physique comprises following six measurements: height, weight, body mass index(BMI), chestcircumference, sitting height and relativesitting height (sitting height/heightx100). The following results were obtained : (1)Height: The average height of UR Okinawan students was the lowest in both 1955 and 1960 and then showed a tendency to increase. However, the average height of UR Okinawan students was significantly lower by 2-3 cm in comparison with those of other two groups. (2) Weight and BMI : The mean body weight of UR Okinawan students has increased with a progress of times , particularly in males, and trended to come close to those of two other groups. BMI of UR Okinawan male students was higher than those of two other groups after 1980, but that was statistically insignificant. While, BMI in thefemal students showed the same time course change of all youths, showing no change from 1950 to 1975 and a declination after 1975. (3) Chest circumference : The chest circumference of male UR Okinawan students showed the same tendency of all youths to increase with a progress times and in proportion of with a body weight increas. While in the female students, there was little change. (4) Sitting height and relatevesitting height : The increasing ratio of the sitting height in male and female UR Okinawan students were less than that of their height. the relativesitting height remained stable from 1955 to 1970, but was reduced after 1970. The leg length in both sexes of UR Okinawan students was differnt in the two other groups, but a increasing rate of relative sitting height was highter. From the results, it was confirmed that the physique of UR Okinawan students has developed since 1950, and the change was identical with those at the national level. However, the average of UR Okinawan students was significantly lower by 2-3cm. It is supposed that the nutritional intake, regional characteristics and heredity might be influence these constitutional changes.
Rights :琉球医学会
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12001/2284
Citation :琉球大学医学会雑誌 : 医学部紀要 = Ryukyu medical journal Vol.11 no.3-4 p.146 -159
Appears in Collections:Ryukyu medical journal

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