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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12001/20849

Title :離島における養育行動の時代差 : 子ども虐待予防の子育て環境構築の視点から
Title alternative :Child-rearing behavior for pre-school children at M city in one of the most southern islands of Japan in relation to the prevention of child maltreatment : Similarities and differences between 1984-2006
Authors :上田, 礼子
安田, 由美
前田, 和子
Authors alternative :UEDA, Reiko
MAEDA, Kazuko
Authors affiliation :沖縄県立看護大学大学院保健看護学研究科
Graduate School of Health and Nursing, Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing
Tokyo Metropolitan Kiyose Children's Hospital
Issue Date :31-May-2008
Publisher :日本民族衛生学会
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
Type (NII) :Journal Article
ISSN :0368-9395
Abstract :The parents of three-year-old children who visited a health center for health check-up at M city in one of the most southern islands of Japan in 1984 and 2006 were interviewed for their childrearing behavior and related factors. The major results were as follows. 1. In 2006, significantly more parents gave "intellectual and verbal stimulation", utilized nursery schools and made joint decisions concerning night care and child-rearing policy with their partners than in 1984. 2. There was no significant difference between the two years in the ratio of parents who gave physical punishments to their children and/or disciplined them by limiting their behavior. However, ratio of single parents increased from 3.2% in 1984 to 14.6% in 2006, which suggests a qualitative change of child-rearing behavior in two decades. 3. The ratio of the parents who said that they had no expectation for children was 32.9% in 2006 as compared with 22.6% in 1984. That of those who, although they expressed expectations for the children, actually did nothing for that effects, was 29.1% in 2006 compared with 52.1% in 1984. 4. The length of education of mothers and the ratio of mothers who came from outside M city were significantly higher in 2006 than in 1984. 5. Changing child-rearing behavior during 2 decades in M city was discussed in relation with the neglect, a type of child maltreatment. From these results, it is suggested that child-rearing behavior is associated with factors concerning mothers' social background. Also, the change from traditional to modern community is influencing parents' attitude and child-rearing behavioor, which may result in a higher ratio of a new type of the child neglect in child maltreatment.. These results suggest the needs of a positive approach to family and community to enhance the quality of children's health and development as a new strategy for the prevention of child maltreatment.
Rights :日本民族衛生学会
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12001/20849
Citation :民族衛生 = Journal of Health and Human Ecology Vol.74 no.3 p.99 -113
Appears in Collections:Journal Article(Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing)

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