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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12001/12161

 
Title :沖縄県内の保育園における看護師の配置と期待される役割
Title alternative :The Actual Conditions of Nurses in Nursery Schools in Okinawa and Their Expected Roles
Authors :金城, やす子
Authors alternative :Kinjo, Yasuko
Authors affiliation :名桜大学人間健康学部看護学科
Issue Date :Mar-2013
Publisher :名桜大学
Type Local :紀要論文
Type (NII) :Departmental Bulletin Paper
ISSN :1882-4412
Abstract :沖縄県内の178施設の園長を対象に,保育園に配置されている看護師の実態について調査した。看護師55名(30.9%)が配置され,全国の配置率とほぼ同様であった。看護師の配置については 83.7%の園長が必要性を認めていた。保育園の規模や0歳児の保育人数と看護師の配置について関連を見た結果,大規模な園, 0歳児人数が多い園に,より多く看護師が配置されていることが明らかになった。また,希望する業務内容について因子分析を行った結果,第1因子『医療的な判断・対応』, 第2因子『栄養的な面への対応』, 第3因子『医療的なニーズがある子どもへの対応』, 第4因子『精神的な発達に関する対応』が抽出された。また,看護師の配置については,経済的な問題(待遇面)や看護師の専門性に関する問題がみられた。保育園に看護師を配置するためには,本調査において明らかになった問題の解決に向けた対応が必要である。
I examined the actual conditions of nurses at nursery schools by interviewing the directors of 178 institutions in Okinawa. The result shows that 55 nurses (30.9%)are stationed at these institutions, which is almost the national average. Considering the stationing of the nurses, 83.7% of the directors claimed them to be necessary. The needs of the nurses differ depending on the scale of the institutions and the number of children under 12 months. The investigation makes it clear that the bigger the scale of the institutions and the more the number of children under 12 months, the higher the needs for permanent nurses. I also asked the directors what they expect of the nurses by showing a list of selected items of the nurses' work. Most expected the nurses to be able to recognize children's sicknesses and give injured children the proper treatments. They also wanted the nurses to be able to diagnose pediatric infectious diseases and administrate medical treatments. From an analysis of 15 tasks expected of the nurses, 4 major functions are identified: taking medical decisions(1^st factor), dealing with nutrition consideration (2^nd factor), administering medical treatments (3^rd factor), and monitoring mental development (4^th factor). Moreover, I found that the financial situation, especially considering pay, and the specialties of the nurses greatly influence the employment of the nurses. In order to station more nurses at nursery schools, it is necessary to solve the problems that are identified in this investigation.
Rights :名桜大学
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12001/12161
Citation :名桜大学紀要 = THE MEIO UNIVERSITY BULLETIN no.18 p.41 -56
Appears in Collections:The Meio University bulletin

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